The Romans conquered lowland Britain in the years follownig
the invasion in 43 AD. London was founded around 47 AD, according
to tree ring dating of early timbers drains in the City. Southwark
was founded at approximately the same time as a settlement benefitting
from its location on the south end of London Bridge. Archaeologists
have found temples, bathhouses, mansions, shops, workshops,
wharves and warehouses in the area showing that it was an important
part of Roman Londinium.
At Guy's was found the remains of a large Roman boat - a flat
bottomed 'lighter' and the remains of a jetty at least 30m long
made of wood. A timber tank for storing fish or oysters was
Near the Courage Brewery Site archaeologists found the complete
wooden floor of a riverside warehouse. Nothing like this has
been found anywhere else. The basement would have been cool
and so it may have been used for storage of food or drink -
it had a ramp at the entrance ideal for rolling barrels.
Roman storage jars - for transporting wine, fish sauce and
olive oil have been found in abundance.
At the same site were found evidence of iron smelting and copper-alloy
casting. Red deer antlers were also carved into household objects
such as combs, handles and buttons.
There is also evidence of animal butchery, smithing and baking.
To find out more read:
Cowan, Carrie, 'Below Southwark - the archaeological story'
London Borough of Southwark, 2000